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二硫化碳

WAIGUANYUXINGZHUANG:WUSEHUODANHUANGSETOUMINGYETI,CHUNPINYOUYIMIWEI,YIHUIFA

RONGDIAN:-111.9℃

MIDU:1.26g/ml

XIANGDUIZHENGQIMIDU(KONGQI=1):2.64

FEIDIAN:46.2℃

WENDINGXING:WENDING

FENZISHI:CS2

XIANGDUIFENZIZHILIANG:76.14

BAOHEZHENGQIYA(28℃SHI):53.32kPa

RANSHAORE:1030.8kJ/mol

LINJIEWENDU:279℃

LINJIEYALI:7.90MPa

XINCHUN/SHUIFENPEIXISHUDEDUISHUZHI:1.86,1.93,2.16

SHANDIAN:-30℃

BAOZHASHANGXIAN(TIJIFENSHU):60.0

YINRANWENDU:90℃

BAOZHAXIAXIAN(TIJIFENSHU):1.0

用途

ZHUYAOZUOWEIZHIZAONIANJIAOXIANWEI、BOLIDEYUANCAILIAO。YONGERLIUHUATANSHENGCHANDEHUANGYUANSUANYANGONGZUOYEJINGONGYEDEKUANGSHIFUXUANJI。YONGYUSHENGCHANNONGYONGSHACHONGJI。XIANGJIAOGONGYELIUHUASHI,KEZUOWEILVHUALIUDERONGJI。YONGTAZHIZAOANCHULIXITONGZHONGSHEBEIHEGUANLUDEFANGFUSHIJI。YESHIJIANYANBOAN、ZHONGANJIα-ANJISUAN、CEZHESHELV、SEPUFENXIYONGDERONGJI。YEYONGYUCONGYAMAREN、GANLANGUOSHI、SHOUGU、PIGEHEYANGMAOZHONGTIQUYOUZHI。YONGZUOHANGKONGDERUNHUAJI。ERLIUHUATANSHISHAJUNJIDAOWENLING、KEJUNDAN、DAISENMENGXIN、DAISENXIN、DAISENAN、FUMEISHUANG、FUMEIXIN、FUMEIJIASHENDENGDEZHONGJIANTI,YESHIRENZAOXIANWEIDEYUANLIAO、XIANGJIAOLIUHUACUJINJI。ERLIUHUATANSHISHENGCHANRENZAOSI、SAILUBIN、SILVHUATAN、NONGYAOSHAJUNJI、XIANGJIAOZHUJIDEYUANLIAO;ZAISHENGCHANYOUZHI、LA、SHUZHI、XIANGJIAOHELIUHUANGDENGCHANPINSHI,ERLIUHUATANSHIYOULIANGDERONGJI;KEYONGZUOYANGMAOQUZHIJI、YIFUQUZIJI、JINSHUFUXUANJI、YOUQIHEQINGQIDETUOMOJI、HANGKONGMEIYOUTIANJIAJIDENG。

天然气法

YIJIAWANHELIUHUANGWEIYUANLIAO,FANYINGWENDU500~700℃,CUIHUAJIWEIGUISUAN。JIAWANDANCHENGZHUANHUALVKEDA90%,SHENGCHENGDEFUCHANLIUHUAQINGYONG(Claus)FASHIQIZHUANBIANWEILIUXUNHUANSHIYONG。QIHUAXUEFANGCHENGSHIWEI:

CH4+4S=CS2+2H2S

CH4+4S=CS2+2H2S

SO2+2H2S=3S+2H2O

木炭硫黄法

GENJUBUTONGDEJIAREFANGSHI,KEFENWEIWAIRESHITIEZENGFAHENEIRESHIDIANLUFALIANGLEI。YIBANCAIYONGSANXIANGDIANLUFA。

DIANLUFAJIANGMUTANYU800℃ZHIJIEBEISHAOCHUQUSHUIFENHEYOUJIWUHOUJIANDUANJIARUDIANLU,RONGRONGLIUHUANGLIANXUJIARUDIANLUNEIYUZHUOHONGMUTANZAI1000℃ZUOYOUJINXINGFANYING,SHENGCHENGDEERLIUHUATANJINGCHULIU、LENGNINGDEDAOCUZHIPIN,ZAIJINGJINGLIU、LENGNING,ZHIDEERLIUHUATANCHENGPIN。QIHUAXUEFANYINGFANGCHENGSHIWEI:

C+2S→CS2[

纯化方法

DUIERLIUHUATANCHUNDUYAOQIUBUGAODESHIYAN,ZAIERLIUHUATANZHONGJIARUSHAOLIANGWUSHUILVHUAGAIGANZAOJIXIAOSHI,ZAISHUIYU55℃~65℃XIAJIAREZHENGLIU、SHOUJI。RUXUYAOZHIBEIJIAOCHUNDEERLIUHUATAN,ZAISHIJIJIDEERLIUHUATANZHONGJIARU0.5%GAOMENGSUANJIASHUIRONGYEXIDISANCI。CHUQUZAIYONGGONGBUDUANZHENDANGYICHUQULIU。ZUIHOUYONG2.5%LIUSUANGONGRONGYEXIDI,CHUQUSUOYOUDELIUHUAQING(XIZHIMEIYOUECHOUWEIZHI),ZAIJINGWUSHUILVHUAGAIGANZAO,ZHENGLIUSHOUJI。

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